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The Bryophyta nursery

Cactus Opuntia humifusa, devil's-tongue, Indian fig, cold resistant upto -25C

Cactus Opuntia humifusa, devil's-tongue, Indian fig, cold resistant upto -25C

Prix habituel €6,00 EUR
Prix habituel Prix soldé €6,00 EUR
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This stunning cactus loves to carpet out, covering an area with its long branches, each round section of a branch will sprout root when it touches the soil, allowing it to spread fast along the ground.
Used directly into your garden soil or is beautiful in hanging pots outside.

Opuntia humifusa, devil's-tongue, Indian fig (although the plant is not native to India but to America),
oriental prickly pear or even Eastern prickly pear is a species of cactus resistant to cold and moisture,
native to the United States and Canada, now widely naturalized in southern Europe.
It is one of two species of cactus producing an edible fruit called prickly pear, but the latter is smaller than that of Opuntia ficus-indica.

Extremely resistant to cold and humid climates, it grows without difficulty in gardens in northern Europe, where it can resist up to −25°C.
Particularly suitable for planting in a rockery facing south.
The spring flowering is all the more spectacular as the winter has been cold.
A species to recommend to all beginners. However, it must imperatively be kept outdoors.
The regularity of the temperatures inside is fatal to it.

Besides the consumption of the prickly pear that it produces the Indian fig can have a medicinal use.
Thus the Amerindians used the pulp of the articles of Opuntia humifusa in application on wounds (Dakota and Pawnee), snake bites (Lakota) and against rheumatism.
The juice was used to cure warts (Nanticoke), stones and lung diseases.
The Crow, Dakota and Pawnee also used Opuntia humifusa as an additive when making dyes.

Bushy plant, forming cushions less than 30 cm high.

Round to obovate or elliptical cladodes 4–10 cm long and 4–6 cm wide, often crumpled in winter. Glochids yellow or brown, up to 3 mm long and a much longer glochid is sometimes present.

Daytime flowering in spring and early summer. Flowers uniformly yellow, sometimes double, 4-6 cm long and in diameter. Stamens reacting to contact with insects.

Edible purple or red pear-shaped fruits, 3-5 cm long and 2-3 cm in diameter, with areoles bearing glochids (to be removed before eating). Seeds flat with thick white aril (6-30 per fruit).


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